Department of Irrigation
Department of Irrigation (DoI) is a government organization, with a mandate to plan, develop, maintain, operate, manage and monitor different modes of environmentally sustainable and socially acceptable irrigation and drainage systems from small to larger scale surface systems and from individual to community groundwater schemes. Its ultimate aim is to provide year round irrigation facilities and increase the irrigable area of the country to higher limits. This giving a primary input in increasing the productivity of the land and providing a major input to the GDP and eventually improve the standard of living of the beneficiary farmers. Apart from this the DoI also has to carry out river training activities to protect the floodways, floodplains and agricultural lands in the form of river bank protection such that the loss of properties caused by flooding is reduced.
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Department of Water Induced Disaster Management
Nepal suffers from various types of water-induced disasters such as soil erosion, landslides, debris flow, flood, bank erosion etc. due to its rugged topographically weak geological formations, active seismic conditions, occasional glacier lake outburst floods, concentrated monsoon rains associated with unscientific land utilizations. These phenomena induce severe impacts on the vital infrastructures of the nation such as roads, houses, hydropower, irrigation and drinking water facilities, cause loss of agricultural lands, properties and human lives posing a severe threat to the sustainable development of the country. In order to mitigate these disasters in Nepal, the then Water Induced Disaster Prevention Technical Centre (DPTC) was established under the Ministry of Water Resources under an agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Government of Japan on 7 October 1991. The DPTC was continued for seven and half years under the participation of the concerned agencies of the Government and the co-operation of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
To institutionalize the objectives and achievements of the DPTC, the Department of Water Induced Disaster Management (DWIDM) was established on 7 February 2000 under the Ministry of Water Resources.
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